What is Total Hip Replacement?
Total hip replacement is a surgical technique where the severely damaged cartilage and bone of the hip joint are removed and substituted with an artificial prosthesis which is bio-compatible and functions like a normal hip. It is one of the most common joint replacement procedures, subsequent to knee replacements. The main aim of this surgery is to restore function to the joint and relieve pain.
What is Robotic Total Hip Replacement?
Robotic total hip replacement is a minimally invasive procedure where your surgeon is assisted by a robotic system to perform a total hip replacement surgery.
Indications for Robotic Total Hip Replacement
Patients qualified for robotic total hip replacement experience moderate to severe hip arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, causing pain and interference with activities of daily living. This includes:
- Moderate to severe pain even while resting that affects sleep
- Difficulty in walking, bending, or climbing stairs
- Stiffness in the hip due to joint degeneration that limits movement
- Failure of conservative treatments to alleviate hip symptoms
What Happens During Robotic Total Hip Replacement?
The robotic system consists of a surgeon's console, a robotic arm, , and special surgical instruments. A computed tomography (CT) scan is taken before the surgery to create a 3D model of the affected hip joint. During surgery, the information provided by the CT scan is interpreted by the robotic system and guides your surgeon with the procedure. Dr Ehmke uses the robot to precisely place the implants in your hip as planned out before surgery using the 3D model. The robot gives Dr Ehmke precise information regarding the positioning of the implants to restore your unique anatomy. This translates into a more natural feeling hip with faster recovery. .
Postoperative Care Instructions
Postoperative instructions to aid in the healing and recovery process usually include:
- Physical therapy to improve flexibility, range of motion, and strengthen muscles. Keeping your leg elevated
- Medications to control pain and swelling
- Following a balanced, varied diet
- Adhering to follow-up appointments
What are the Advantages of Robotic Total Hip Replacement?
Robotic total hip replacement surgery offers the following benefits:
Precise placement of the hip implant using 3D robotic guidance for a more natural feeling hip. Smaller incisions leading to reduced scarring
- Minimal blood loss
- Less postoperative pain
- Shorter hospital stay with same day discharge in many cases
- Quicker return to daily normal activities
- Improved safety and reduced risk of injury to adjacent tissues
- Increased longevity of the implant
What are the Risks and Complications Associated with Robotic Total Hip Replacement?
Robotic hip replacement is generally a safe procedure. However, as with any surgery or procedure, possible complications may include:
- Damage to nerves and blood vessels
- Leg-length discrepancy
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Implant wear and loosening